Tobacco, Nicotine, E-cigarettes

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death. It harms nearly every organ in the body.

Types of Tobacco:

  • Cigarettes
  • Cigars
  • E-cigarettes
  • Smokeless tobacco, such as dip

Health Risks

Short-Term:

  • Coughing
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate
  • Decreased appetite
  • Headache

Long-Term:

  • Cancer
    • Most commonly lung cancer, but can also cause these types of cancers:
      • Bladder
      • Blood
      • Cervix
      • Colon and rectum
      • Esophagus
      • Kidney and ureter
      • Larynx
      • Oropharynx
      • Liver
      • Pancreas
      • Stomach
      • Trachea and bronchus
  • Heart disease
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
  • Complications in pregnancy
    • Smoking increases risk for:
      • Preterm (early) delivery
      • Stillbirth (death of the baby before birth)
      • Low birth weight
      • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
      • Ectopic pregnancy
      • Orofacial clefts in infants
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Oral health (tooth loss, gum disease, cavities)

Cigarette smoke can still harm you even if you are not the one smoking.

Secondhand Smoke: The combination of smoke from the burning end of a cigarette and the smoke breathed out by smokers. Secondhand smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals, of which hundreds are toxic and about 70 can cause cancer.

Health risks:

  • Adults:
    • Coronary heart disease
    • Stroke
    • Lung cancer
      • Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke at home or at work increase their risk of developing lung cancer by 20–30%.
  • Children:
    • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    • Wheezing
    • Coughing
    • Bronchitis
    • Pneumonia

E-cigarettes and youth: Devices that do not burn or use tobacco leaves, but instead vaporize a solution. The user then inhales this solution.

E-cigarettes can contain many harmful substances, including:

  • Nicotine
  • Ultrafine particles that can be inhaled deep into the lungs
  • Flavoring such as diacetyl, a chemical linked to a serious lung disease
  • Volatile organic compounds
  • Cancer-causing chemicals
  • Heavy metals such as nickel, tin, and lead

E-cigarettes are called many different things, including:

  • E-cigs
  • E-hookahs
  • Mods
  • Vape pens
  • Vapes
  • Tank systems
  • Juuls

Health Risks:

  • Nicotine can harm the brain during adolescence because it is still developing until about age 25.
  • Using nicotine in adolescence can harm the parts of the brain that control attention, learning, mood, and impulse control.
  • Using nicotine as a young teen can also increase risk for future addiction to other drugs.

Treatment Options

  • Detox
  • Medications
  • Nicotine Replacement Therapies
  • Behavioral Therapies

 

Resources

  • AshLine: Phone Counseling and Medication
  • http://ashline.org/
  • 1-800-55-66-22